Why TiTanic Sank??? Give Your Precious Opinions...
December 15, 2006 10:18am CST
I think it's the main reason of this disaster: a sort of naive faith in technology power which prevailed at that time. And all other elements (the iceberg, the metal weakness or inaccurate and hazardous use of the ship) only worsen the situation. I don't know if the documentary I saw was this one (I watched it on french version of the history channel) but I guess it's the same. I liked the explanation of the tests of the boat. The Titanic passed all the security tests available at that time. Thus, for me, this is proving that the wreckage is the result of low security levels increasing human errors. SOME SAY THERE WAS A MUMMY........ WHAT ARE YOUR OPINIONS ............. SHARE WITH OTHERS OR DO YOU AGREE WITH MY OPIONIONS
8 people like this
15 Dec 06
Titanic was an Olympic class passenger liner that collided with an iceberg and sank in 1912. The second of a trio of superliners, she and her sisters, RMS Olympic and HMHS Britannic, were designed to provide a three-ship weekly express service and dominate the transatlantic travel business for the White Star Line. Built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland, Titanic was the largest passenger steamship in the world at the time of her sinking. During Titanic's maiden voyage (from Southampton, England; to Cherbourg, France; Queenstown (Cobh), Ireland; then New York), she struck an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. (ship's time) on Sunday evening April 14, 1912, and sank two hours and forty minutes later, after breaking into two pieces, at 2:20 a.m. Monday morning Harland and Wolff shipyard Titanic was a White Star Line ocean liner built at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast and was designed to compete with rival company Cunard Line's Lusitania and Mauretania, known for being the fastest liners on the Atlantic. Titanic, along with her Olympic class sisters, Olympic and the soon-to-be-built Britannic (originally to be named Gigantic), were intended to be the largest, most luxurious ships ever to operate. Titanic was designed by Harland and Wolff chairman Lord Pirrie, head of Harland and Wolff's design department Thomas Andrews and general manager Alexander Carlisle, with the plans regularly sent to White Star Line's managing director J. Bruce Ismay for suggestions and approval. Construction of Titanic, funded by the American J.P. Morgan and his International Mercantile Marine Co., began on March 31, 1909. Titanic No. 401, was launched two years and two months later on May 31, 1911. Titanic's outfitting was completed on March 31 the following year. Titanic was 882 ft 9 in (269 m) long and 92 ft 6 in (28 m) at her beam. She had a Gross Register Tonnage of 46,328 tons, and a height from the water line to the boat deck of 60 ft (18 m). She contained two reciprocating four-cylinder, triple-expansion, inverted steam engines and one low-pressure Parsons turbine. These powered three propellers. There were 25 double-ended and 4 single-ended Scotch-type boilers fired by 159 coal burning furnaces that made possible a top speed of 23 knots (43 km/h). Only three of the four 63 foot (19 m) tall funnels were functional; the fourth, which served only as a vent, was added to make the ship look more impressive. Titanic could carry a total of 3,547 passengers and crew and, because she carried mail, her name was given the prefix RMS (Royal Mail Steamer) as well as SS (Steam Ship). Titanic was considered a pinnacle of naval architecture and technological achievement, and was thought by The Shipbuilder magazine to be "practically unsinkable." She was divided into 16 compartments by doors held up, i.e. in the open position, by electro-magnetic latches and which could be allowed to fall closed by means of a switch on the bridge. However, the watertight bulkheads did not reach the entire height of the decks, only going up as far as E-Deck. Titanic could stay afloat with any two of her compartments flooded, or with eleven of fourteen possible combinations of three compartments flooded, or with the first/last four compartments flooded: any more and the ship would sink.  Unsurpassed luxury Titanic rudder and propellersFor her time, Titanic was unsurpassed in luxury and opulence. She offered an onboard swimming pool, a gymnasium, a Turkish bath, a library and a squash court. First-class common rooms were adorned with elaborate wood paneling, expensive furniture and other elegant decorations. In addition, the Café Parisienne offered superb cuisine for the first-class passengers with a delightful sunlit veranda fitted with trellis decorations. Second-class and even third-class accommodation and common rooms were likewise considered to be as opulent as those in the first-class sections of many other ships of the day. Titanic had three lifts for use of first-class passengers and, as an innovation, offered one lift for second-class passengers. The crown jewel of the ship's interior was undoubtedly her forward first-class grand staircase, between the forward and second funnels. Extending down to E-Deck and decorated with oak paneling and gilded balustrades, it was topped by an ornate wrought-iron and glass dome which brought in natural light. On the uppermost landing was a large panel containing a clock flanked by the allegorical figures of Honour and Glory crowning Time. A similar, but less ornate staircase, complete with matching dome, was located between the third and fourth funnels. Titanic's grand staircase. Considered to be the most lavish part of the ship, the staircase allowed natural light to seep through the glass dome. It had elaborate wood panelling and a bronze cherub lamp support that only added to the 1st Class passengers' luxurious surroundings  Comparisons with the Olympic Titanic was almost identical to her older sister, Olympic, but there were a few differences, some suggested by Bruce Ismay and based on observations he had made of Olympic. The most noticeable were that half of Titanic's forward promenade A-Deck (below the lifeboat deck) was enclosed, and her B-Deck configuration was completely different from Olympic's. Titanic had a specialty restaurant called Café Parisienne, a feature that Olympic wouldn't be provided with until 1913. Some of the flaws found on Olympic, such as the creaking of the aft expansion joint, were corrected on Titanic. Other differences such as Titanic's skid lights, that provide natural illumination on A-deck, were round while on Olympic they were oval. Titanic's wheelhouse was made narrower and longer than Olympic's.  These and other modifications made Titanic 1,004 tonnes larger than Olympic.  Passengers On Titanic's maiden voyage, some of the most prominent people in the world were on board in first class. These included millionaire John Jacob Astor IV and his pregnant wife Madeleine; industrialist Benjamin Guggenheim; Macy's department store owner Isidor Straus and his wife Ida; Denver millionaire Margaret "Molly" Brown; Sir Cosmo Duff Gordon and his wife, couturiere Lady Duff-Gordon; streetcar magnate George Dunton Widener, his wife Eleanor and their 27-year-old son, Harry Elkins Widener; Pennsylvania Railroad executive John Borland Thayer, his wife Marion and their seventeen-year-old son, Jack; journalist William Thomas Stead; the Countess of Rothes; United States presidential aide Archibald Butt; author and socialite Helen Churchill Candee; author Jacques Futrelle, his wife May, and their friends, Broadway producers Henry and Rene Harris; writer and painter Francis Davis Millet; pioneer aviation entrepreneur Pierre Maréchal Sr.; and silent film actress Dorothy Gibson. Also in first class were White Star Line's Managing Director J. Bruce Ismay (who survived the sinking) and, from the ship's builders, Thomas Andrews, who was on board to observe any problems and assess the general performance of the new ship. Among the second-class passengers was Lawrence Beesley, a journalist who wrote one of the finest first-hand accounts of the voyage and the sinking. He left the ship on Lifeboat #13. Also in second class was Michel Navratil, a Frenchman kidnapping his two sons, Michel Jr. and Edmond and taking them to America. Both J.P. Morgan and Milton Hershey had plans to travel on the Titanic but cancelled their reservations before the voyage.  Disaster The iceberg suspected of having sunk the RMS Titanic.On the night of April 14-15, 1912, Titanic struck an iceberg and sank, with great loss of life. There are several figures regarding the number of passengers lost. The United States senate investigation reported that 1,522 people perished in the accident, while the British investigation has the number at 1,490. Regardless, the disaster ranks as one of the worst peacetime maritime disasters in history and by far the most famous. Titanic's design used some of the most advanced technology available at the time and the ship was popularly believed to be "unsinkable." It was a great shock that, despite the advanced technology and experienced crew, Titanic sank with a great loss of life. The media frenzy about Titanic's famous victims, the legends about what happened on board the ship, the resulting changes to maritime law, and the discovery of the wreck in 1985 by a team led by Robert Ballard and Jean Louis Michel have made Titanic persistently famous in the years since.  1:45 PM - Amerika iceberg warning On the night of Sunday, April 14, the temperature had dropped to near freezing and the ocean was completely calm. Surviving 2nd Officer Charles Lightoller later wrote "the sea was like glass". There was no moon and the sky was clear. Captain Edward Smith, perhaps in response to iceberg warnings received by wireless over the previous few days, had altered Titanic's course around 10 miles (18 km) south of the normal shipping route. That Sunday at 1:45 p.m., a message from the steamer SS Amerika warned that large icebergs lay south of Titanic's path but the warning was addressed to the USN Hydrographic office and was never relayed to the bridge. Iceberg warnings were received throughout the day and were quite normal for the time of year. Later that evening at 9:30pm, another report of numerous, large icebergs in Titanic's path was received by Jack Phillips and Harold Bride in the radio room, this time from the Mesaba, but this report also did not reach the bridge. Although there were warnings, there were no operational or safety reasons to slow down or alter course. The Titanic had three teams of two lookouts high up in the "Crow's nest" who were rotated every two hours, and on any other night it is almost certain they would have seen the iceberg in time. However, a combination of fac
15 Dec 06
I think a great big hole in the bottom could have caused it, although the design may have been lacking as it was such a big boat. My main query would be if you have a lot of poeple on a boat why not provide life boats that will fit everyone in? Why did no-one see the iceburg until it was too late? What's this about a MUMMY? never heard that one.
• Lampe, Missouri
15 Dec 06
I think that the ice burg yes caused it but if the captin had not let his pride get the best of him it could have been easly avoided. if he had not tryed to see how fast he could go and leson to the warnings that he go about the ice burge then it may have never happend
15 Dec 06
If thats what it destine to be? How did you know that it is destine? as we all know, destiny is unknown to happened.. therefore titanic is not destine to sink? It just so happen that a big ship was hit by an ice berg.. its like, Collision can cause breakage, whether it is solid, liquid or gas. =)
• United States
15 Dec 06
well, i think it was just ignorance and stupidity...they tried to rush the ship to do more then it could handle. probably if they weren't going so fast, they could have turned in time to avoid the ice burge...there are so many ways that the titanic could have avoided a disaster..its just a sad thing.
15 Dec 06
When Titanic was made it was said that this Ship can never sink, keeping in mind this fact, there were not sufficient life boats and all other saftey devices. And the crew members were overconfident and did not pay any attention when they saw the ice-berg..... but when they realised that the ship was about to hit that huge ice-berg, it was too late for anything.........
16 Dec 06
i think that the reason behind the sinking of titanic was the over confidance of that captian of the ship .He thought that raising of the speed will do well fir the iceberg heading forward but he was stupid, he didnt thought that raising speed will also prove to be difficult in having a good turn of the ship
19 Dec 06
ya man i agree with you .... it was a technical fault.... let me say u about that... The fault was that the bolts and the bottom of the ship were made of differrednt varities of steel... so since it took years to build they underwent differrential aeration corrosion ( A type of corrossion )..... more than 5 million bolts and nuts were used... so as soon as the ship hit the iceberg they all oened up leading to huge inflow of water.. thus sinking the ship... this was the cause upto the best of my knowledge.... if the same steel was used corrosion would hav been prohibited and ship would hav been saved....
18 Dec 06
ITS SIMPLE BUDDY.... JUS WATCH D FILM AND U WILL ALL KNOW IT... BUT I THNK ALL MUST HAVE WATCH D FILM NAA.... AND I THNK TITANIC SANK COZ IT HAS TO BE SANK.... TO CHANGE SOMETHNG...TO LEARN PPL DER MISTAKE..... ALSO BEYOND DIS....NO ONE KNOWS Y TITANIC SANK....