Why Oil Is Very Abundant In Middle East? Why Is It In Middle East Only?
28 Sep 07
Somehow you are correct. History tells us that the cradle of civilization started long ago at the Middle East. Most of the biblical facts happened in that place as supported by archaelogical findings. Inasmuch as crude oil is formed from the decayed remnants of aquatic plants and animals that lived hundreds of millions of years ago, large portions of the modern day Middle East were once submerged under a large, now non-existent sea called the Tethys Sea. This sea eventually disappeared, sealing large deposits of organic matter under a salty crust. Over the eons, this crust was in turn covered by layer upon layer of sediment. As the sediment was compressed under the increasing weight of the layers above, it hardened into limestone. About 15 million years ago, the shifting of tectonic plates of the region formed large, underground fissures. As the organic matter migrated through the layers of limestone, much of it seeped into these fissures. These deposits of organic matter became crude oil.