History of Dubai

January 31, 2007 2:30am CST
Some 800 members of Bani Yas trie, led by the Maktoum Family, settled at the mouth of the creek in 1833. The creek was a natural harbor and Dubai soon became a center of the fishing, pearling and sea trade. By the turn of the 20th century Dubai was a successful port. The souk ( Arabic of Market ) on the Deira side of the creek was the largest on the coast with 350 shops and a steady throng of visitors and businessmen. By the 1930s Dubai's population was nearly 20,000, a quarter of whom were expatriates. In the 1950s the creek began to silt, a result perhaps of the increasing number of ships that used it. The Late Ruler of Dubai, His Highness Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, decide to have the waterway dredged. It was an ambitious, costly and visionar project. The move resulted in increased volumes of cargo handling in Dubai. Ultimately it strengthened Dubai's position as a major trading and re-export hub. When oil was discovered in 1966, Sheikh Rashid utilized the oil revenues to spur infrastructure development in Dubai. Schools, Hospitals, Roads, A modern Telecommunications network.... the pace of development was frenetic. A new port and terminal building were built at Dubai international Airport. A runway extension that could accommodate any type of aircraft was implemented. The largest man-made harbor in the world was constructed at Jabel Ali, and a free zone was created around the port. Dubai's formula for development was becoming evident to everyone- visionare leadership, high quality infrastructure, and expatriate-freindly environment, zero tax on personal and corporate income and low import duties. The result was that Dubai quickly became a business and tourism hub for the region that stretches from Egypt to the Indian sub-continent and from South Africa to what are now called the CIS countries. Since the 1960s, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan , then ruler of the Emirates in the rigion. Their dreams were realized in 1971 when Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Fujairah and ( in 1972 ) Ras Al Khaimah, joined to create the United Arab Emirates. Sheikh Zayed, the first President of UAE, holds the position till date. Under his leadership UAE has developed into one of the richest countries in the world with a per ccapital GDP in excess of US$17,000 per annum. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Dubai took a strategic decision to emerge as a major international quality tourism destination. Investments in tourism infrastructure have paid off handsomely over the years. In 2000, visitors numbered an astounding 3 million, greatly exceeding the 850,000 population of Dubai. Dubai i now a city that boasts unmatchable hotels, remarkable architecture and world-class entertainment and sporting events. The beautiful Burj Al Arab hotel presiding over the coastline of Jumeira beach is the world's only hotel with a seven star rating. The Emirates Towers are one of the many structures thats remind us of the commercial confidence in a city that expands at a remarkable rate. Standing 350 meters high, the office tower is the tallest building in the Middle East and Europe. Dubai also hosts major international sporting events. The Dubai Desert Classic is a stop on the Professional Golf Association tour. The Dubai Open, and ATP tennic tournament, and the Dubai World Cup, the world's richest horse race, draw thousands every year.
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