Difference between long and short vowels?

@jonesy123 (3951)
United States
September 2, 2008 7:18pm CST
My daughter has to mark long and short vowels in her homework assignment. I wasn't even good in grammar in my own language, much less in English. Does anybody know the difference? Do these words have short or long vowels: all, first, they, when, said?
1 person likes this
4 responses
@mikinikih (201)
• United States
3 Sep 08
All of the vowels in those words are short. For the differences (you can hear it when you say the words out loud), a long vowel will sound like it is said (so for a, long a is a, short a is ah or aa--short a word: apple, cat long a word: hang, gave). For more examples with the other vowels: E: short: bed, left Long e: heed, deep; I: short: chimp, pig long: hive, glide O: short: hot, dog long: cold, hope U: short: hum, dump long: huge, cute Hope it helps!
@jonesy123 (3951)
• United States
3 Sep 08
Thanks so much! That helps a lot. Now I just have to make sure I pronounce the words right so I can hear the difference. My kids are better at that. I will listen to them when they say the word. Thanks again!
• United States
16 Sep 09
[All, first, they, when, said] are all sight words. You usually can't sound out these kind of words. You just remember them and try to recognize them when you see them. You would not mark these long or short. Sight words don't follow the usual rules of English. Long vowels say their names in words, such as in ape, cape, eagle, eat, ice, oats, unicorn. Vowels can also have a short sound. Words with only one vowel are usually short. Ex. cat, bed, kick, cot, duck. Some longer words can have a short vowel sound if there is only one vowel in that syllable of the word. Ex. casket: cas-ket Both vowels in this word are short. Some words have both a long vowel and a short vowel. Ex. naked: na-ked The a is long (hear it saying its name) and the e is short. Teacher1
@XoyyoX (1055)
• China
21 Sep 08
i bet the word "first" has a long vowel [ir:], and the rest have short vowels.
• United States
8 Sep 08
To make this a little plainer. The long vowels say their names. A E I O U The short vowels is what you hear if you say, for example (A)apple (E)Ben (I)igloo (O)ostrich (U)up Hope this helped.