The kidney disease should pay attention to diet
February 25, 2014 6:44pm CST
1?Low salt and fat Limit salt: when you have edema or high blood pressure, you should limit salt, usually everyday intake is 2-4g. Because lower diet is good for water-sodium retention, preventing aggravate the edema or high blood pressure. Lower fat: the fat may cause arteriosclerosis, and kidney disease is the expression of arteriosclerosis, so we should take more vegetable fat, less animal fat, and control the vegetable oil under 60-70g each day. Vegetable oil instead of animal fat as the resource of energy, such as soya-bean oil?sunflower oil?olive oil and peanut oil, contains less saturated fatty acid and more unsaturated fatty acid, it doesn’t make arteriosclerosis, increase cholesterol. 2?Fine protein The professor said: more protein will aggravate the burden of kidney, so should control the total of protein. But as the important nutrient, it is the essential substance of human body, especially essential amino-acid which can’t synthesis and must take from external, so should ensure the fine protein with high essential amino-acid. But details should try your best to decrease vegetable protein, because vegetable proteins have a lot of purine base, more intake will aggravate kidney burden, properly supplement animal protein such as milk?egg?fish?lean and so on. 3?Supplement heat Poor heat will use the body’s protein, make creatinine and urea nitrogen elevated, aggravate the conditions, so it is important to supplement heat. In lower protein diet, the heat must be offered to maintain normal physiological needs, the everyday intake of heat is 30-35kcal per kilo body weight. You can choose some staple food such as potato?lotus root starch?bean vermicelli?taro?sweet potato?Chinese yam?pumpkin?water caltrop starch?chufa starch, to make the total heat of protein up to a standard range, maintain the balance between supply and demand. 4?Lower kalium diet Hyperkalemia is one of the renal failure complications. Serious hyperkalemia may give rise to cardiac arrest, so should improve your notice. To prevent hyperkalemia, everyday intake should control under 2g, and beware of high kalium food, another way to decrease the kalium through cooking, such as put potato into water, boil vegetable and give up the water, boil the fruit in the water with sugar and give up water. 5?High calcium and low phosphorus Electrolyte imbalance of chronic renal failure is seen mostly as high calcium and low phosphorus, so should pay attention to the high calcium and low phosphorus of diet. But the food with high calcium also have high phosphorus, like spare ribs?dried small shrimp. So high calcium low phosphorus diet should emphasize lower phosphorus diet. Expert said: prohibit animal viscera like brain?liver?kidney, don’t eat roasted goose?seafood?double-stewed soup, forbid liquor, eat less dried fruit like pumpkin seeds. 6?Lower purine Due to much purine would aggravate kidney burden, especially the patients with gout, high purine diet will cause gout attack, aggravate the condition of gout. But like celery?spinach?peanut?chicken soup?all kinds of broth?bath chap?sardine and animals viscera have much purine , so should limit. Lean also have purine, you can boil it in the water, and then give up water. 7?Supplement vitamin Take adequate vitamin and trace element. Vitamin B?C and zinc?calcium?iron, can protect kidney. 8?Properly take high cellulose Taking high cellulose is good for keeping bowels open, toxin discharge, maintaining the human body metabolic balance. Kidney disease patients should take more coarse food grain properly.