History Of Teri
December 14, 2006 12:56pm CST
If we trace back the history of khattaks, they began to reside in the outskirts of Akora Khattak, Nizam Poor and some areas of Kohat. But a tremendous population of khattaks lives in Karak district. Teri village occupies a prominent place in Karak district. The present population, which is located on the hill, has been shifted from the footstep of mountain at a distance of one kilometer. Due to paucity of water and other necessities of life people began to move from the said place bit by bit and with the span of time the population began to erode. When the British was ruling the subcontinent, they followed the policy of divide and rule. People living in the remote corner were not possible to rule by the British directly, therefore local chieftains were appointed with special remuneration, particularly in the tribal belt, which was beyond their ingress, with the passage of time the British felt, the necessity of new province therefore the proposal of Lord Curzon was accepted in 1897 so called N W F P.So the new province came into existence in 20 December 1901. It was comprised of Peshawar, Kohat, Hazara, Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan and tribal territories were also included in it vis Swat, Deer, Chitral, Khayber agency, kurram agency, North waziristan and South waziristan. The tribal agencies used to be controlled by the political agents which still exist and the settled areas came with in the purview of deputy commissioners and as a whole province was controlled by the chief commissioner Lt. Cul Herold Deane. When this new province raised by British government in some area Nawabism took its roots, in which Teri village occupies a significant status. Malik Akore khan ruled most of Khattak population and later on it was followed by his pedigree. The old name of Teri village was called Asad Abad (on the name of Nawab Asad Khan) which covered the Area from Mianwali up to Tall and Attock. Before partition the Muslims and Hindus were living side by side. Mostly the business was running by the Hindu merchants and they used to lend money to the Muslims on usury. The Hindus had their own worship places. One of them was the ashram of guru parmahanse, which is now under the custody of auqaff. They had great influence on our culture and tradition. Till now we feel the emblem of their tradition in our society. Teri village was learning seat of our religion Islam. It produced many renown scholars namely Sheikh Ul Hadith Molvi Abdul Ghani, Maulana Abdul Hakim, Maulana Amal Deen, Maulana Abdul Ali, Mufti Fakhru Deen etc. The students used to come from far-flung areas (Afghanistan, India) to equip them with religious education. After the partition of subcontinent the Teri State was merged in to kohat district. Subsequently the power of administration was taken from the Nawab of Teri, later on in 1982 the Governor NWFP Lt. General Fazal Haq laid the foundation of a Karak district. So Teri village was merged into it. Teri comes between Karak and Kohat and hardly five kilometers away from G.T. Road. During the era of Nawabs, Teri village was given a shape of fort and various main gates were installed in different directions. There was a special system of patrolling at night to protect the inhabitants of Teri village from Durrani, Changaz, Mughal and Turks attacks. If we have a glance, one can find a single main door in its original shape. The road, which passes through Teri village to the west, was called a Defence road. It is said that the main power was supplied to Mehmood Ghaznavi from to Teri village for various skirmishes and blitz s. In the vicinity of Teri village the old relics still exist in which Mehmood Ghaznavi along with his soldiers used to stay for offering prayers and take rest. In other corner there was a stall for his horses. This place provided him a safe haven. Presently it is called with the same name of (Sarra) from where underground tunnel was made up to the old bazaar. The tunnel was so wide that a horseman could easily move to and fro. Another underground tunnel was made from House of Nawab up to the stream, which used by the family of Nawab to visit their orchards. Strangers were not allowed to use the streets of Nawabs family. All the villages, which come in the vicinity of Teri, they came under the supervision of Police Station and Patwar Khana of Teri. Before the partition there was only a single middle school. As the time passed on, the environment of Teri completely changed. At the moment there are several schools, for girls and boys, and also high secondary schools for both. There is no denying the fact that the Teri village was put on the track of progress in the era of Lt. General Fazal Haq in which a new carpeted road was made from B.D.Shah to Teri and also a Degree college was constructed to uplift the education ratio. Recently according to the survey it has become the epi- center of oil and gas which has huge reserves more than Soui (Baluchistan). And a Sharki Dam is also under construction to boost up the agriculture. High Way of Teri to Tall is in progress. I hope that soon our valley Teri will become a trade center and frequent place for the visitors.