January 17, 2007 1:45pm CST
everybody has herd about big bang theory, but hoe many of us can actully claim to understand it? why do cosmologists belive the big bang to be an accurate description of origen of the univrse? who were the scientists who fought to bring acceptance to this unorthodox theory? and what, exactly,dose the big bang really mean??? you will get the answers by reading the book Big Bang by simon singh. waiting for your reply.....
18 Jan 07
well this big bang theory is tyhe most estabelished in modern cosmology because it has enabled us to explain a lot of observed phenomenon like the cosmic microwave background and the Hubbles law etc, to give you a glimpse of it, In physical cosmology, the Big Bang is the scientific theory that the universe emerged from a tremendously dense and hot state about 13.7 billion years ago. The theory is based on the observations indicating the expansion of space (in accord with the Robertson-Walker model of general relativity) as indicated by the Hubble redshift of distant galaxies taken together with the cosmological principle. Extrapolated into the past, these observations show that the universe has expanded from a state in which all the matter and energy in the universe was at an immense temperature and density. Physicists do not widely agree on what happened before this, although general relativity predicts a gravitational singularity (for reporting on some of the more notable speculation on this issue, see cosmogony). The term Big Bang is used both in a narrow sense to refer to a point in time when the observed expansion of the universe (Hubble's law) began — calculated to be 13.7 billion (1.37 × 1010) years ago (±2%) — and in a more general sense to refer to the prevailing cosmological paradigm explaining the origin and expansion of the universe, as well as the composition of primordial matter through nucleosynthesis as predicted by the Alpher-Bethe-Gamow theory. From this model, George Gamow in 1948 was able to predict, at least qualitatively, the existence of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB). The CMB was discovered in 1964 and further corroborated the Big Bang theory, giving it an additional advantage over its chief rival, the steady state theory.