# Have you ever observed Fibonacci Numbers in Nature

By sunilkonda

@sunilkonda (1215)

India

March 5, 2007 1:52am CST

The Fibonacci numbers are Nature's numbering system. They appear everywhere in Nature, from the leaf arrangement in plants, to the pattern of the florets of a flower, the bracts of a pinecone, or the scales of a pineapple. The Fibonacci numbers are therefore applicable to the growth of every living thing, including a single cell, a grain of wheat, a hive of bees, and even all of mankind.
For those who doesn’t know what is Fibonacci number, here is a small summary about Fibonacci numbers:
The sequence, in which each number is the sum of the two preceding numbers is known as the Fibonacci series: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, 233, 377, 610, 987, 1597, 2584, 4181, ... (each number is the sum of the previous two).
Plants do not know about this sequence - they just grow in the most efficient ways. Many plants show the Fibonacci numbers in the arrangement of the leaves around the stem. Some pine cones and fir cones also show the numbers, as do daisies and sunflowers. Sunflowers can contain the number 89, or even 144. Many other plants, such as succulents, also show the numbers. Some coniferous trees show these numbers in the bumps on their trunks. And palm trees show the numbers in the rings on their trunks
Probably most of us have never taken the time to examine very carefully the number or arrangement of petals on a flower. If we were to do so, we would find that the number of petals on a flower, that still has all of its petals intact and has not lost any, for many flowers is a Fibonacci number:
• 3 petals: lily, iris
• 5 petals: buttercup, wild rose, larkspur, columbine (aquilegia)
• 8 petals: delphiniums
• 13 petals: ragwort, corn marigold, cineraria,
• 21 petals: aster, black-eyed susan, chicory
• 34 petals: plantain, pyrethrum
• 55, 89 petals: michaelmas daisies, the asteraceae family
Some species are very precise about the number of petals they have - e.g. buttercups, but others have petals that are very near those above, with the average being a Fibonacci number.

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